SSH Login with Public/Private Key

Objective

You want to use Linux and OpenSSH to automate your tasks. Therefore you need an automatic login from host A / user a to Host B / user b. You don’t want to enter any passwords, because you want to call ssh from a within a shell script.

How to do it

  1. Log in on A as user a and generate a pair of authentication keys. Do not enter a passphrase: 
    ssh-keygen -t rsa
  2. Use ssh to create a directory ~/.ssh as user b on B. (The directory may already exist, which is fine)
  3. Append a’s new public key to b@B:.ssh/authorized_keys

    cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh b@B 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys'
  4. In B, make sure the permission bits of .ssh and authorized_keys are 755 and 644, respectively.
  5. From now on you can log into B as b from A as a without password.

Reference

http://www.linuxproblem.org/art_9.html